Uganda is known for its luxurious weather, with the best rain patterns on the globe and fertile soils. For us to leverage on the competitive advantage our motherland bears over the rest of the world, the time to pick up our tools and start the planting is now.

As much as agriculture is a core sector of Uganda’s economy, 90% of it is subsistence in nature. While the world scrambles for food, we are growing only what’s enough for our domestic consumption and yet we can venture into something more lucrative. The demand for food supply world over is continuous, and that means there is a ready market willing to pay anything in return. So what can we do to gain from this ceaseless need and liberate ourselves from the pangs of hunger and chronic poverty?

The answer is this; the industry is pursuing exciting opportunities in the export markets, supported by innovation and collaboration with stakeholders. Farmers are now more than ever guaranteed a ready market with a steady income every harvest season. As you brace the inconvenience of a rainy day, think of the possibilities the rain comes with and how you can use that to remain financially relevant.

Avocado trees are arguably one of the easiest plants to grow. Hass avocados in particular are seeing a surge in popularity globally, readily producing fruit within two years. And as you know, the unpredictability of employment caused primarily by the pandemic has destabilized our sources of income in the past months. This year, think towards starting an orchard for commercial purposes. We believe that out of our individual effort and determination, the middle income status can be achieved.


Hass avocados matures after 2½ years and a single mature tree can produce more than 3000 (500kgs) fruits under good management practices. An Acre requires 160 trees at maximum, on planting spacing of 5MX5M of which production estimate is over 450,000 fruits (75,000kgs). 

Although avocados are fairly resistant to drought, well distributed rainfall of between 1000-1200mm is adequate for proper crop development. They also require well drained soils to avoid root rot. The best soils are sandy or alluvial loams with ideal pH ranging from 5.5-6.5


  • A single mature tree yields 300kgs (about 1500fruits). 
  • An acre yields 300kgs X 160 (trees) 
  • Direct export market chain current offer is $2 (ushs7200) per kilogram. Per tree UGshs 3,600,000. At acreage Ushs 540,000,000per year. And market price is expected to rise because of high demand with limited supply.


  • Hass controls 75% of the avocado market.
  • Hass avocado has the longest shelf life among all varieties; up to 2-3 weeks, room temperature,  4-6 weeks refrigerated.
  • Hass has the most oil content is 14%, at the optimum dry matter content.
  • Hass avocado fruit is 75% creamy yellow and very delicious which makes it to be highly demanded by consumers basically for smoothies, salad and facials due to its nutrition values.


  • 368 calories
  • 5g protein
  • 20g carbohydrates
  • 34g fat


  • An acre requires 160 seedlings, and the cost of a seedling is 8,000shs, so the total cost of seedlings is Ug shs 1,280,000.
  • Pitting & planting, each hole of spacing is 5MX5M costs between 500-800shs depending on cost of labour as per location.
  • Bush clearing an acre ranges between 80,000 to 150,000shs.
  •  Fertilizer application at planting is 24,000shs, 2nd application after 6 months 48,000shs
  • Weeding per acre thrice a year 180,000shs

If you have any inquiries, please comment below

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